What is a plane in carpentry?
Plane, in carpentry , tool made in a wide variety of sizes, used for removing rough surfaces on wood and for reducing it to size. Planes today are mostly machine-made, of wood and steel.
What are the parts of a wood plane?
Parts A: The mouth is an opening in the sole of the plane through which the blade extends, and through which wood shavings rise. B: The iron is a steel blade which cuts the wood. C: The lever cap secures the cap iron and iron firmly to the frog. D: E: The knob allows a second hand to guide the plane.
What is the tool called that shaves wood?
A drawknife (drawing knife , draw shave, shaving knife ) is a traditional woodworking hand tool used to shape wood by removing shavings. It consists of a blade with a handle at each end. The blade is much longer (along the cutting edge) than it is deep (from cutting edge to back edge).
What Is a Number 4 plane?
Sole length: 9″ Cutter width: 2″ The No. 4 smoothing plane is historically the most common size. It is an excellent balance of sole length and cutter width to be useful for typical furniture parts.
Which hand plane should I buy first?
Start with a block plane . Buy this one first . It’s the smallest, least expensive (less than $170 for quality makes), and most versatile of all planes .
Are new Stanley planes any good?
Don’t get me wrong, the Nielsen planes are great, well built planes , but for everyday block plane use, the Stanley is the one I reach for most of the time. It just feels great in my hand and consistently does a great job.
Why do planes have wood?
A plane is an indispensable tool for smoothing and shaping wood . Planes are used to “shave” thin, uniform strips from a piece of wood , creating a smooth, level surface by removing “high spots.” Knowing how to plane wood is a vital skill for all woodworkers.
How do wood planes work?
A hand plane works by shaving off thin layers (shavings, or chips) as it is pushed along or across a piece of wood . This reduces the wood to the required size, levels it, puts a smooth finish on the surface, or cuts a recess that can be used in joint-making (joining pieces of wood together).
What do hand plane numbers mean?
#1 size hand planes are very small and rare and basically unusable by most adults. The numbers 1 to 8 simply refer to different lengths of plane with #1 being (very) short and #8 being pretty long. As the numbers and length increase so does the width: a #4 has a narrow blade while an #8’s blade is wide.
Why is it called a jack plane?
Name. The name jack plane dates back to at least the 17th century, and was a term used to describe many tools used for rough work. Being a common first name the term jack came to be used disdainful name for the common man, as well as common tools and jobs.
What do you shave wood with?
A hammer and chisel are normally used to create small- to medium-sized details in wood , such as mortises or details in wood sculpture. Use a hand plane to shave pieces from wood surfaces that are generally flat.
What are shaving tools?
Wood- Shaving Tools A chisel is one of the most common shaving tools . Image Credit: Kumarn/iStock/Getty Images. A block plane being used to shave wood. Image Credit: Gary Ombler/Dorling Kindersley RF/Getty Images. Man using a miter saw. A chisel being used to carve a design. Utility knife. Carpenter filing a wood chair. Sandpaper roll.
What are the best wood planes?
The Best Hand Planes for Woodworking Best Bench Plane. AmazonBasics No. Best Overall. YOGEON Woodworking Hand Planer, Rosewood 4” A. Best for Tight Spots. Stanley 3-1/2″ Small Trimming Plane. Best for Rough Lumber. Stanley Low Angle Sweetheart Jack Plane . Best for Pro Jobs. WoodRiver #6 Bench Plane. Best Block Plane . Best Jointer Plane. Best Jack Plane .