Plane carpentry

What is a plane in carpentry?

Plane, in carpentry , tool made in a wide variety of sizes, used for removing rough surfaces on wood and for reducing it to size. Planes today are mostly machine-made, of wood and steel.

What is a jack plane used for?

A jack plane is a general-purpose woodworking bench plane , used for dressing timber down to size in preparation for truing and/or edge jointing. It is usually the first plane used on rough stock, but for rougher work it can be preceded by the scrub plane .

What are the different types of wood planes?

Types of Hand Planes Block Planes. Measuring around 150mm in length , block planes are sized to be used with one hand and excel at making fine finishing cuts and trimming end grain. Smoothing Planes. Jack Planes. Fore Planes. Jointer Planes. Shoulder Planes. Bull Nose Planes. Rabbet Planes.

How does a wood plane work?

A hand plane is a tool for shaping wood using muscle power to force the cutting blade over the wood surface. A large, flat sole on a plane guides the cutter to remove only the highest parts of an imperfect surface, until, after several passes, the surface is flat and smooth.

What Is a Number 4 plane?

Sole length: 9″ Cutter width: 2″ The No. 4 smoothing plane is historically the most common size. It is an excellent balance of sole length and cutter width to be useful for typical furniture parts.

Which hand plane should I buy first?

Start with a block plane . Buy this one first . It’s the smallest, least expensive (less than $170 for quality makes), and most versatile of all planes .

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Do I need a jointer plane?

Like most woodworkers, I use machines to prepare my rough stock, but then my hand tools take over to get things flatter than the machine can (thank you, jointer plane ), cut the joinery and prepare things for finishing.

Why are Jack planes low angle?

Description. Our low – angle jack plane is ideal for shooting miters, working end grain, and initial smoothing. We have designated it as a 62 1/2 because of its generous size and weight, low center of gravity, and radically set-back mouth. This is a bevel-up plane , with a 12° bed angle similar to a low – angle block plane .

What is the best jack plane?

10 Best Jack Planes Bench Plane No. 5 – Iron Jack Plane. Stanley 12-137 No. 62 Low Angle Jack Plane. AmazonBasics No. 4 Smoothing Bench Hand Plane. Bench Plane No. Grizzly Industrial H7566 – 14″ Smoothing Plane. WEN 6530 6-Amp Electric Hand Planer, 3-1/4-Inch. GreatNeck C4 Bench-Jack Plane. Stanley 12-404 No.

What is the rarest Stanley plane?

Stanley # 164 Low Angle Plane The #164 low angle plane is one of the rarest and hardest to find of all Stanley planes . Stanley offered this plane for about 17 years beginning in the early 1920’s. The condition is exceptional with over 97% of the original japanning and finish remaining.

What are the best wood planes?

The Best Hand Planes for Woodworking Best Bench Plane. AmazonBasics No. Best Overall. YOGEON Woodworking Hand Planer, Rosewood 4” A. Best for Tight Spots. Stanley 3-1/2″ Small Trimming Plane. Best for Rough Lumber. Stanley Low Angle Sweetheart Jack Plane . Best for Pro Jobs. WoodRiver #6 Bench Plane. Best Block Plane . Best Jointer Plane. Best Jack Plane .

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What is a Surform plane?

A surform plane is often used for bullnose work, meaning to round off the edges or corners of an object. It is a tool that can be used on a wide variety of materials, including wood, foam, rubber, soft metals, and plastic.

Which way do planes turn wood?

Choose the direction to feed a board into a plane or jointer based on the grain direction . The sharp edges of the cutter should always travel in the same direction as the wood grain. When viewed from the side, the knife edge travels into the wood in the same direction as the grain.